A blocked Fallopian tube or a growth in the uterus can significantly reduce chances for pregnancy. If the Fallopian tubes are blocked, the sperm can’t reach the egg to fertilize it.
A hysterosalpingogram, or HSG is an important test of female fertility potential. The HSG test is an X-Ray test usually done in the radiology department of a hospital or outpatient radiology facility.
Pictures are taken using a steady beam of X-ray as the dye passes through the uterus and fallopian tubes. The pictures can show problems such as an injury or abnormal structure of the uterus or fallopian tubes, or a blockage that would prevent an egg moving through a fallopian tube to the uterus. A blockage also could prevent the sperms from moving into a fallopian tube and fertilizing an egg.
A hysterosalpingogram is done to:
The hysterosalpingogram study takes about 15-20 minutes to perform. The test is usually done in the radiology department of a hospital so there is additional time for the woman to register at the facility and fill out a questionnaire and answer questions regarding allergies to medication etc.
Details of Procedure as follows:
The results of the test can be immediately available. The x-ray pictures can usually be reviewed with the patient several minutes after the procedure is done.
Complications commonly associated with a hysterosalpingogram include cramping and spotting.
Rarely HSG may be associated with infections, for which we routinely prescribe prophylactic antibiotics for three days. after the procedure
|Normal:||Uterus looks normal in shape.|
Fallopian Tubes look Normal.
Fallopian Tubes do not seem scarred or damaged.
The dye flows into the uterus, then through the Fallopian Tubes and spills normally into the belly.
|Uterus does not show any foreign objects (such as an IUD), tumors, or growths.|
|Abnormal:||The dye does NOT flow through the Fallopian Tubes into the belly hence proving that the Tubes may be scarred, malformed OR blocked.|
Possible causes of blocked Fallopian tubes include Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Endometriosis.
|The dye may leak through the wall of the uterus, proving a tear or hole in the uterus.|
|An abnormal uterus may show tissue (called a septum) that divides the uterus.|
|Growths, such polyps or fibroids may be present in the Uterus|
Here’s a very apt 3D animation of how an HSG Test is performed.
Please refer the Quick Reference Chart to get more details about Cost and expected time for Reports.